Maximum limit of no more than 10% of calories. Men should limit added sugars to no more than 9 teaspoons (36 grams or 150 calories) daily. Women should limit their intake to 6 teaspoons (25 grams or 100 calories) of added sugar per day according to the American Heart Association.
*Eat more healthy fats which stave off hunger while reducing cravings for sugar.
Diet is the single most significant risk factor for disability and premature death. More than two-thirds of adults and nearly one-third of children and youth are overweight or obese. In 2008, the medical costs associated with obesity were estimated to be $147 billion. In 2012, the total estimated cost of diagnosed diabetes was $245 billion. Prevalence of overweight and obesity has risen and remained high for the past 25 years.
"Clinicians sometimes don't take as detailed dietary histories as we should, but when we do, we are often shocked by the amounts of sugars, especially in beverages, that American children are consuming," he said. "Despite food labeling, there's not great collective public understanding of the risks and harms of these added sugars. Clinicians in their offices could do better to inform parents, but public health campaigns and advertising could also be tremendously helpful." - Scott Hartman, M.D., of Rochester, N.Y., a member of the AAFP's Commission on Health of the Public and Science
Hartman said there's plenty of evidence showing tastes and eating patterns tend to be developed by ages 6-7 and that once those patterns are developed, they're very hard to change.
"Family physicians see this all the time when we treat adolescents and adults for chronic conditions like type 2 diabetes, elevated lipids and obesity," Hartman said. "And it's not just that eating patterns form early, but disease processes start early. Disruptions in the endocrine system that lead to type 2 diabetes most likely start in childhood."
Here is a list of strategies and recommendations parents and clinics for Starting Good Nutrition Early & Growing Up Healthy
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