Finnish researchers gave the FINGER to cognitive decline back in 2014 changing the way researchers and doctors approach prevention of Alzheimer's, dementia, and cognitive decline.
The FINGER (the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability, or FINGER Study) found that lifestyle interventions could protect thinking and memory as people age.
FINGER Study was the first large-scale, long-term, randomized controlled trial showing cognitive protection in elderly at increased risk of dementia using lifestyle interventions:
- FOOD: nutritional guidance
- FUN: physical activity, cognitive stimulation
- FRIENDSHIP: Social stimulation
- + Management vascular/metabolic risk factors
Improved lifestyle factors produce superior benefits as compared to any drug currently available.
Modeled after the FINGER, the U.S. POINTER Study (U.S. Study to Protect Brain Health through Lifestyle Intervention to Reduce Risk) aims to confirm those findings in a more diverse American population with adaptations to fit the cultural landscape at the community level. Recruitment is ongoing.